One of the first signs of gum disease is painless bleeding during brushing and flossing.
It can also lead to bad breath and in most cases, is associated with a build-up of plaque and tartar at the gum line.
More severe cases involve not only infection of the gums (gingivitis), but loss of bone around our teeth (periodontitis). Due to the slowly developing nature of this disease, it can often remain undetected. This means the dentist, hygienist and patient need to be vigilant to any signs and symptoms.
Early diagnosis and prevention is the best course of action, as with many advanced cases it is difficult and often impossible to fully reverse the disease process.